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The folk art tradition of hooked rug design developed in Québec and the Maritimes during the 19th century. Women usually designed these rugs themselves and portrayed familiar flowers, animals and landscape scenes. Georges-Edouard Tremblay, a well-known painter born in Baie St. Paul, designed hooked rugs reflecting the beauty of the Québec countryside in winter. The maker, who included her initials, MB, into the lower right corner, might well have known of Tremblay’s work.

Where was this textile created?

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The Frozen Pond

Hooked rug
North America: Canada, Central Canada, Quebec, Baie St. Paul
Wool yarns hooked on burlap cloth
84 cm x 86 cm
Gift of Miriam Waddington
T91.0380 Textile Museum of Canada

The maker of this rug created a frame through which you can see brightly dressed figures skating and sledding in a rural winter landscape. Although some of the colours are faded, when the rug is turned over it is clear one person in the foreground is scooping water out of a hole in the ice, and another is holding the chainsaw he used to cut the hole. The snow is a creamy white with areas of shadow hooked in blue wool.

“Culture is something that evolves out of the simple, enduring elements of everyday life; elements most truthfully expressed in the folk arts and crafts of a nation.” Thor Hansen, Canadian designer

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